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Developing tourism through the authenticity of destinations: Mangystau – Land of Legends

Recently, "The tourism potential of Mangystau region-2016" lecture-presentation for future professionals of tourist areas, students of the Kazakh Humanitarian Law University has taken place.


Regional center of the Mangystau region, Aktau, despite its youth, is included in the number of historical cities, such as Moscow, Baku, Tallinn, Istanbul. Everything in our region is "the most." The lowest depression in Commonwealth of Independent States - Karagiye. The aura of mystery and magic in its vast valleys. A third of the monuments of Kazakhstan is located on the Mangyshlak Peninsula. These monuments are stone witnesses to the centuries-old relations between peoples of different eras, cultural custodians, architecture and history of the various peoples. It is no coincidence that Mangystau region is called the flagship of the Kazakhstan tolerance. Underground mosque, carved into the rock pitches, - sights of the region. And Karatau Mountains ... they are low. But soaked with the blood of once lived tribes, covered with legends of bygone years, they attract. Anyone who has ever been there, eager to return there again and again. The Silk Road passed through Mangyshlak, where craftsmen dug wells. The Mangystau land is full of salt. So, whence freshwater sources in desert from? ... The bowels of the earth conceal the life-giving source of moisture available for election, who eager to cognize this region. Mangystau has been called the place of saints since ancient times; such as Shopan-ata, Becket-ata, Shakpak-ata, Koshkar-ata, Masat-ata, Sultan-epe, Kenty-baba, etc. Mangystau, the region that is located on the coast of the Caspian sea, is called as Western gate of Kazakhstan. This place is full of legends.

Dilbar Dosmailovna Gimranova,  Director of the Higher School of Economics, Business and Social Sciences does not even doubt about the authenticity of the tourist attractiveness of the territory of Mangystau. She admitted: "I got to be on a business trip to Mangystau. Due to the compressed schedule I managed to spend time on the coast of Aktau only in the evening. Surprisingly, bathing in the therapeutic water of the Caspian Sea had a positive impact on my health, I have to get rid of the disease that had plagued me in more recent times. I am looking forward to the next trip to Mangystau and to the moment of visiting the holy places and natural radon sources. The project to visit Mangystau sites with the students the next year has already been studying".


Austro-Hungarian stele is a sample of Kazakh reverence to the holy sites of all nations

  As part of the ethno-cultural project, implemented by the Department of Tourism of the Mangystau region with the support of International Organization of Turkic Culture "TURKSOY" and the Capital Tourism Association, a lecture on the topic "Promotion of the Austro-Hungarian stele in Fort Shevchenko" has been organized in order to attract international attention to the monument of 1 World war in the Mangystau region.

Students listened carefully to the historical and legendary information about prisoners of the Austro-Hungarian army of the 1st World War, exiled in Mangystau and participated in the establishment of the 1st radio station in Cental Asia and Kazakhstan in Fort Alexander / Fort-Shevchenko / improvement of Russian-Kazakh school / Youth Sports School "Daryn" /. They have promised that all the social networks will be informed of this stele, installed in a mass grave of Austro-Hungarian prisoners of war in Fort-Shevchenko.

Teachers of the eminent university, researchers with a serious base of education and knowledge, such as Head of "Economics, Management and Tourism" Department, Askhat Nametsha, Senior Lecturer of the Department, Raushan Mukhamedzhanova and Galymzhan Seilov, as well as Head of the HSE, Dilbar Gimranova promised to contribute to the popularization of Mangystau ethno-cultural project.

By the way, according to the students, the teachers of the Higher School of Economics are notable for personal active lifestyle, they are trying to convey to their students. The teaching staff of the university instills youth concepts such as patriotism, moral and ethical image of a young man.



  Senior lecturer of the Department of Tourism Galymzhan Aydarkulovich Seilov graduated from State University of Turkey, and he is familiar with the history of this country. A closer look at historical and cultural monuments of the Mangystau region, in particular with the Austro-Hungarian stele, Galymzhan Aydarkulovich cited as an example Turkish attraction Anzac, which contributes to the promotion of active tourism in Turkish city of Chanakkale and the peninsula of Gallipoli in general.

"In the port city of Çhanakkale (turkish Çanakkale), Gallipoli peninsula, there is a locality which was named Anzac. The fact is that during the First World War heavy fighting between the troops of the Entente (British, Australians, New Zealanders, Indians, French) and Ottoman troops took place on the peninsula. During the bloody Dardanelles operation Australian and New Zealand Army Corps distinguished themselves among the landing troops of Antanta, but did not win.

For the Turks, this victory is compared with our battle near Moscow. Moscow was behind us, and Constantinople behind them. We had a political officer Klotchkov, they - Mustafa Kemal, future Ataturk. It had nowhere to retreat. The Turks were not ready for war. The victory turned out to be more valuable, what is amazing, and the vanquished. Paying tribute to the courage of the soldiers of the Australian and New Zealand Military Corps (ANZAC), the Turks called the bay, where 11,000 soldiers were killed, "Anzac bay" - ​​said Galymzhan Aydarkulovich and added: It is significant that the Turks are able to appreciate not only their heroes, but also the courage of the enemy. As a fact, since 1916 Anzak Day is a national holiday in Australia and New Zealand and is celebrated in Turkey. With the right approach of Turkish leadership, Turkey is recognized as territory of international tourism, demonstrating respect for the monuments of different peoples, Australian and New Zealand tourists make a pilgrimage to Turkey annually, at Gallipoli, and not only in the memory of the tragic days of the Dardanelles campaign.

What exactly the memorial is? You can see the 14-storey building from the distance, a monument to the martyrs of «Şehitleri Anıtı». Behind the monument at the mall-cemetery there is a lot of memorial plates with the names of soldiers fallen in the battle. The inscription with the words of Ataturk turns your attention, "The heroes that shed their blood and lost their lives ... You are now lying in the soil of the country friendly to you. Rest in peace. There is no difference between Johnny and Mehmet where they lie side by side in our land. You, mothers, who sent the sons away, wipe your tears. Your sons are buried in peace in our land. After they lost their lives on this land they have become our sons too "!!!

Memorial to 57th regiment has been also installed, the 19th Division of the Ottoman army, commanded by Ataturk. At that time Ataturk said the historic phrase, "I do not order you to fight, I order you to die." All the soldiers carried out the order - no one survived. The banner hung on the tree, the banner on the ground means defeat. The Australians took it from the tree. Now it is in their museum with the caption: "We did not conquer it." It is the very place, where Ataturk was wounded by shrapnel to the heart! But by a fluke he had a watch in the breast pocket. And he has got away with a huge hematoma. At the end of the campaign commander Sanders, gave Ataturk a gold watch. A clock with shrapnel he had taken away to Germany. The descendants had installed monument to Ataturk.



  It seems what a connection between Turkish Anzac and Austro-Hungarian stele in Tupkaragan?

Direct and immediate! This event of the same World War I, which covered the different countries and continents! Both territories, Turkey and Kazakhstan, preserved monuments of that era. 11000 Australian, New Zealand, Turkish soldiers buried in the cove of Anzac. About 130 prisoners of the Austro-Hungarian army found a last refuge in the Bay Tupkaragan. Local residents of both territories preserve the memory of the past, protect monuments of the peoples, demonstrating the multiculturalism, the principle of the Great Powers culture.

Executor of ethno-cultural project "Austro-Hungarian stele" Nataliya Zaderetskaya, photo by author


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